What Is A Plat Of Survey?

Are you curious to know what is a plat of survey? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about a plat of survey in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is a plat of survey?

In the realm of real estate and land ownership, a Plat of Survey holds considerable importance as a detailed map or diagram delineating property boundaries, dimensions, and pertinent information. This document plays a pivotal role in land transactions, development, and ensuring accurate property identification. Let’s delve into the intricacies of a Plat of Survey, understanding its purpose, components, and significance in property matters.

What Is A Plat Of Survey?

A Plat of Survey, often referred to simply as a “survey,” is a legal document created by licensed surveyors to illustrate the precise measurements, boundaries, and features of a specific parcel of land. It provides a visual representation of the property’s boundaries, easements, improvements, and other relevant details.

Components And Information:

A typical Plat of Survey includes various essential components, such as:

  • Property Boundaries: Clearly delineated lines indicating the exact boundaries of the property, usually marked with dimensions and angles.
  • Easements and Rights-of-Way: Designated areas where others might have the right to use or access the property for specific purposes, such as utility lines or pathways.
  • Improvements: Structures, fences, driveways, or other man-made features present on the property.
  • Topographic Details: Information about the property’s terrain, contours, and elevation changes.
  • Legal Descriptions: Precise written descriptions that complement the visual representation of the property.

Purpose And Significance:

The Plat of Survey serves several crucial purposes:

  • Legal Documentation: It provides an official record of the property’s boundaries and characteristics, ensuring clarity and accuracy in legal descriptions.
  • Property Transactions: It aids in property sales, purchases, or transfers by offering a clear depiction of the land’s boundaries and features, preventing disputes over property lines.
  • Construction and Development: Architects, builders, and developers use surveys to understand the land’s dimensions and limitations when planning structures or developments.
  • Zoning and Compliance: Surveys assist in complying with local zoning regulations and land-use restrictions.

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Obtaining A Plat Of Survey:

When purchasing or selling property, a survey might be conducted as part of the due diligence process. Additionally, some properties may have existing surveys on file, while others might require a new survey to be commissioned.


A Plat of Survey serves as an essential tool in property transactions, land development, and legal matters concerning land ownership. With its precise delineation of property boundaries, features, and pertinent information, this document ensures accuracy, clarity, and compliance with regulations. Understanding and referencing a Plat of Survey remains integral to informed decision-making in real estate transactions and land-use planning, safeguarding the interests of property owners and stakeholders.


What Does Plat Mean On A Survey?

A plat map is a map of a town or subdivision indicating the location and boundaries of individual properties. A plat generally shows details of a property like lots, blocks, streets, public easements and monuments.

How Is A Survey Different From A Plat?

Plats typically show the boundaries and dimensions of multiple parcels but do not include improvements or constructed features, like buildings. Surveys typically show the property with locations of ground features and improvements, such as buildings, fences, water features, and driveways.

How Do I Get A Plat Of Survey In Illinois?

The plat of survey can be found with the mortgage papers that you received from your lender when you closed on your property. If you do not have your plat of survey with these papers, please call your lender to have them send you a copy.

What Does A Plat Do?

A plat is a map of a particular neighborhood, subdivision or tract of land, detailing where the original surveyors established property lines and separated each parcel or lot. Why does that matter? Because, you can use a plat map to see how far your property extends and where your land’s boundaries lie.

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